i am weak
Misha Collins’s Cheekbones in Liberty Heights
"This world is a veil, and the face you wear is not your own."
HISTORY MEME | 1/10 moments: Jadwiga is Crowned King of Poland.
The coronation ceremony that took place in the Wawel Cathedral in Krakow on 16 October 1384 was truly a splendid event: Polish nobles spared no expenses and the grandeur of the coronation impressed everyone present. But the historical significance was even greater. For one thing, the young girl who was being crowned (only 11 years old at the time) was to go down in history as one of Poland’s greatest and most beloved Monarchs. And for another, the aforementioned lady was crowned not as Queen of Poland (as would be expected considering her gender) but as King.
There is no humorous tale of a mix-up: the decision was made for quite practical reasons. Polish law was very specific that the ruler had to be King – but it did not state the King had to be a male. And so instead of re-writing the law and to emphasise the fact Jadwiga was a ruler in her own right, it was decided she should be crowned as Hedvig Rex Poloniæ (Hedwig, King of Poland) and not Hedvig Regina Poloniæ (Hedwig, Queen of Poland).
Sophia Loren picks flowers at her Italian villa she shared with producer Carlo Ponti in 1964. Photo by Alfred Eisenstaedt.
Roztocze National Park and its Ponies
"Environmental protection in Roztocze has a tradition reaching the end of the 16th century, when fragments of Central Roztocze were included in Zamoyski Estate. A type of zoo – menagerie was then established and surrounded by a 30-kilometre fence, within which wild animals were kept. Roztocze National Park is a typical forest location. 95% of the area is covered by beech, pine and fir forests. In the Park, there are more than 400 monumental trees; local fir trees grow up to 50 metres.
Large mammals are represented by deer, wild boars, wolves, lynx and badgers. The biggest attraction of the Park is a wild Polish Pony herd living in an allocated enclave. Polish Pony is a species coming from Przewalski’s Horse. Until the end of the 18th century they lived in forest areas of Eastern Poland. All year, Ponies live in the wild, human interference is limited only to feeding in the winter season. Every year, a couple of foals are born in the herd. The Ponies may be observed from a special observation tower by Echo pond, few hundred metres behind Zwierzyniec in the direction of Górecko Stare. Wild herds of Polish Ponies may be seen also in Biebrza National Park, Popielno and Stobnica.
A natural attraction of Roztocze are Szum and Nad Tanwią reserves located south of the Park. The reserves include valleys of small forest rivers with picturesque waterfalls and river steps called here szumy, szypoty or porohy.” (source)
fot: Mariusz Cieszewski